According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, the term “ultramontanism” is “a term used to denote integral and active Catholicism, because it recognizes as its spiritual head the pope….”
Ultramontanism has its historical roots in the Middle Ages and became popular in the nineteenth century with leading figures such as Blessed Pius IX, St. Anthony Mary Claret, and the Rev. Henry Edward Cardinal Manning.
The distortion of the meaning of ultramontanism corresponds neither to historical truth nor the current situation and, perhaps unwittingly, runs counter to traditional Church doctrine on the papacy. As Dr. Taylor Patrick O’Neill rightly observed, “the use of the term [ultramontanism] in this way is dangerous for two reasons: it disassociates the term from its historical significance, thus changing its definition, and it threatens to fundamentally alter our regard for papal authority.”
Down below, you will find linked several articles we have published regarding the ultramontane movement.